Online anomaly detection with nested trees
Kozat, S. S.
IEEE Signal Processing Letters
Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.
1867 - 1871
Item Usage Stats
MetadataShow full item record
We introduce an online anomaly detection algorithm that processes data in a sequential manner. At each time, the algorithm makes a new observation, produces a decision, and then adaptively updates all its parameters to enhance its performance. The algorithm mainly works in an unsupervised manner since in most real-life applications labeling the data is costly. Even so, whenever there is a feedback, the algorithm uses it for better adaptation. The algorithm has two stages. In the first stage, it constructs a score function similar to a probability density function to model the underlying nominal distribution (if there is one) or to fit to the observed data. In the second state, this score function is used to evaluate the newly observed data to provide the final decision. The decision is given after the well-known thresholding. We construct the score using a highly versatile and completely adaptive nested decision tree. Nested soft decision trees are used to partition the observation space in a hierarchical manner. We adaptively optimize every component of the tree, i.e., decision regions and probabilistic models at each node as well as the overall structure, based on the sequential performance. This extensive in-time adaptation provides strong modeling capabilities; however, it may cause overfitting. To mitigate the overfitting issues, we first use the intermediate nodes of the tree to produce several subtrees, which constitute all the models from coarser to full extend, and then adaptively combine them. By using a real-life dataset, we show that our algorithm significantly outperforms the state of the art. © 1994-2012 IEEE.