The Ford administration against an assertive congress: the case of theTurkish arms embargo
Kohn, Edward P.
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This thesis focuses on Gerald Ford administration’s struggle with the assertive Congress in foreign policy in the case of the Turkish arms embargo. In this new sequence of ongoing executive-legislative tug of war for foreign policy making, this thesis reveals how the Ford administration resisted the Congress decision of imposing embargo on Turkey following the Turkish military intervention in Cyprus. Besides, this study traces the history of congressional assertiveness in American foreign policy and identifies the reasons for the rise of it in the 1970s. Thus, it demonstrates the reversion of the embargo as a massive victory for President Gerald Ford and his administration when the historical context is taken into consideration.