On-line new event detection and tracking in a multi-resource environment
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As the amount of electronically available information resources increase, the need for information also increases. Today, it is almost impossible for a person to keep track all the information resources and find new events as soon as possible. In this thesis, we present an on-line new event detection and tracking system, which automatically detects new events from multiple news resources and immediately start tracking events as they evolve. Since we implemented the on-line version of event detection approach, the novelty decision about a news story is done before processing the next one. We also present a new threshold, called support threshold, used in detection process to decrease the number of new event alarms, that are caused by informative and one-time-only news. The support threshold can be used to tune the weights of news resources. We implemented the tracking phase as an unsupervised learning process, that is, detected events are automatically tracked by training the system using the first news story of an event. Since events evolve over time, an unsupervised adaptation is used to retrain the tracking system in order to increase the tracking system performance. Adaptation is achieved by adding predicted documents to the training process. From the corpus observations, we conclude that one news story can be associated to more than one event. For this reason, the tracking system can relate a news story to more than one event. The on-line new event detection and tracking system has been tested on the Reuters news feed, available on the Internet. The Reuters news feed, that we used, comprises four independent news resources. The news stories are in Turkish.
Z699 .K87 2001
Information storage and retrieval systems.