A computational homogenization framework for soft elastohydrodynamic lubrication
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The interaction between microscopically rough surfaces and hydrodynamic thin film lubrication is investigated under the assumption of finite deformations. Within a coupled micro-macro analysis setting, the influence of roughness onto the macroscopic scale is determined using FE 2-type homogenization techniques to reduce the overall computational cost. Exact to within a separation of scales assumption, a computationally efficient two-phase micromechanical test is proposed to identify the macroscopic interface fluid flux from a lubrication analysis performed on the deformed configuration of a representative surface element. Parameter studies show a strong influence of both roughness and surface deformation on the macroscopic response for isotropic and anisotropic surfacial microstructures.