Ground-State properties and collective excitations in a 2D Bose-Einstein condensate with gravity-like interatomic attraction
Journal of Low Temperature Physics
0022-2291 (print)1573-7357 (online)
Springer New York LLC
630 - 635
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Please cite this item using this persistent URLhttp://hdl.handle.net/11693/26901
We study the ground-state properties of a Bose-Einstein condensate (BEC) with the short-range repulsion and gravitylike 1/r interatomic attraction in two-dimensions (2D). Using the variational approach, we obtain the ground-state energy and show that the condensate is stable for all interaction strenghts in 2D. We also determine the collective excitations at zero temperature using the time-dependent variational method. We analyze the properties of the Thomas-Fermi-gravity (TF-G) and gravity (G) regimes.