Photonic-crystal-based beam splitters
Please cite this item using this persistent URLhttp://hdl.handle.net/11693/24929
Applied Physics Letters
- Research Paper 
We proposed and demonstrated two different methods to split electromagnetic waves in three-dimensional photonic crystals. By measuring transmission spectra, it was shown that the guided mode in a coupled-cavity waveguide can be splitted into the coupled-cavity or planar waveguide channels without radiation losses. The flow of electromagnetic waves through output waveguide ports can also be controlled by introducing extra defects into the crystals. Our results may have an important role in the design of efficient power splitters in a photonic circuit. © 2000 American Institute of Physics.