Koopmans' springs to life
Please cite this item using this persistent URLhttp://hdl.handle.net/11693/22512
Journal of Chemical Physics
- Research Paper 
The meaning of orbital energies (OOEs) in Kohn-Sham (KS) density functional theory (DFT) is subject to a longstanding controversy. In local, semilocal, and hybrid density functionals (DFs) a Koopmans' approach, where OOEs approximate negative ionization potentials (IPs), is unreliable. We discuss a methodology based on the Baer-Neuhauser-Livshits range-separated hybrid DFs for which Koopmans' approach "springs to life." The OOEs are remarkably close to the negative IPs with typical deviances of ±0.3 eV down to IPs of 30 eV, as demonstrated on several molecules. An essential component is the ab initio motivated range-parameter tuning procedure, forcing the highest OOE to be exactly equal to the negative first IP. We develop a theory for the curvature of the energy as a function of fractional occupation numbers to explain some of the results. © 2009 American Institute of Physics.