Modeling photoelectron spectra of conjugated oligomers with time-dependent density functional theory
Journal of Physical Chemistry A
American Chemical Society
10997 - 11007
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With the aim of producing accurate band structures of conjugated systems by employing the states of cations, TDDFT calculations on conjugated oligomer radical cations of thiophene, furan, and pyrrole with one to eight rings were carried out. Benchmarking of density functional theory and ab initio methods on the thiophene monomer shows that the ΔSCF ionization potential (IP) is most accurate at the B3LYP/6-311G* level. Improvement of the basis set beyond 6-311G* leads to no further changes. The IP is closer to experiment at B3LYP/6-311G* than at CCSD(T)/CCPVQZ. For longer oligomers the ΔSCF IPs decrease too fast with increasing chain length with all density functionals. CCSD/6-311G* performs well if the geometries are optimized at the CCSD level. With MP2 geometries IPs decrease too fast. Peak positions in photoelectron spectra were determined by adding appropriate TDDFT excitation energies of radical cations to the ΔSCF IPs. The agreement with experiment and with Green function calculations shows that TDDFT excited states of radical cations at the B3LYP/6-311G* level are very accurate and that absorption energies can be employed to predict photoelectron spectra.
KeywordsAb initio method
Time dependent density functional theory
Density functional theory
Published Version (Please cite this version)http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/jp105588n
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