Effect of the passivation layer on the noise characteristics of mid-wave-infrared InAs / GaSb superlattice photodiodes
Kilinc, M. C.
IEEE Photonics Technology Letters
790 - 792
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The authors describe the noise characterization of a mid-wavelength- infrared (MWIR) photodiode based on indium arsenide and gallium antimonide (InAs/GaSb) superlattice (SL), addressing the influence of different passivation layers applied to the surface of the device. The MWIR InAs/GaSb SL design structure is based on p-i-n configuration grown by the molecular beam epitaxy on a (001) n-GaSb substrate. The SiO 2-passivated SL photodiodes demonstrated a Schottky-limited noise up to a bias voltage of -0.1 V where the measured peak responsivity is 1.37 A/W with a cut-off wavelength of 4.9 μm and the specific detectivity as high as 1.23 × 10 12 cm. Hz 1/2 W , demonstrating the high quality of the fabricated MWIR SL photodiodes. The noise measurements exhibited a frequency-dependent plateau (i.e., 1/f noise) for unpassivated and Si 3N 4-passivated samples, whereas 1/f-type noise suppression (i.e., frequency-independent plateau) with a noise current reduction at about 30 Hz of more than one order of magnitude was observed for the SiO 2-passivated ones.
Molecular beam epitaxy