Surface modification of electrospun polyester nanofibers with cyclodextrin polymer for the removal of phenanthrene from aqueous solution
Journal of Hazardous Materials
286 - 294
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Surface modified electrospun polyester (PET) nanofibers with cyclodextrin polymer (CDP) were produced (PET/CDP). CDP formation onto electrospun PET nanofibers was achieved by polymerization between citric acid (CTR, crosslinking agent) and cyclodextrin (CD). Three different types of native CD (α-CD, β-CD and γ-CD) were used to form CDP. Water-insoluble crosslinked CDP coating was permanently adhered onto the PET nanofibers. SEM imaging indicated that the nanofibrous structure of PET mats was preserved after CDP surface modification process. PET/CDP nanofibers have shown rougher/irregular surface and larger fiber diameter when compared to untreated PET nanofibers. The surface analyses of PET/CDP nanofibers by XPS elucidated that CDP was present on the fiber surface. DMA analyses revealed the enhanced mechanical properties for PET/CDP where PET/CDP nanofibers have shown higher storage modulus and higher glass transition temperature compared to untreated PET nanofibers. The surface area of the PET/CDP nanofibers investigated by BET measurements showed slight decrease due to the presence of CDP coating compared to pristine PET nanofibers. Yet, it was observed that PET/CDP nanofibers were more efficient for the removal of phenanthrene as a model polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon (PAH) from aqueous solution when compared to pristine PET nanofibers. Our findings suggested that PET/CDP nanofibers can be a very good candidate as a filter material for water purification and waste treatment owing to their very large surface area as well as inclusion complexation capability of surface associated CDP. © 2013 Elsevier B.V.