Utilization of improved recursive-shortest-spanning-tree method for video object segmentation
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Emerging standards MPEG-4 and MPEG-7 do not standardize the video object segmentation tools, although their performance depends on them. There are a lot of still image segmentation algorithms in the literature, like clustering, split-and-merge, region merging, etc. One of these methods, namely the recursive shortest spanning tree (RSST) method, is improved so that a still image is approximated as a piecewise planar function, and well-approximated areas on the image are extracted cis regions. A novel video object segmentation algorithm, which takes the previously estimated 2-D dense motion vector field as input, and uses this improved RSST method to approximate each component of the motion vector field as a piecewise planar function, is proposed. The algorithm is successful in locating 3-D planar objects in the scene correctly, with acceptable accuracy at the boundaries. Unlike the existing algorithms in the literature, the proposed algorithm is fast, parameter-free and requires no initial guess about the segmentation result. Moreover, it is a hierarchical scheme which gives finest to coarsest segmentation results. The proposed algorithm is inserted into the current version of the emerging “Analysis Model (AM)” of the Europan COST21U'’’ project, and it is observed that the current AM is outperformed.
KeywordsVideo object segmentation
Recursive shortest spanning tree method
2-D motion estimation