Slicing approach to specification for testability in LOTOS
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With the recent increase in the use of formal methods in specification of communication protocols, there is a need to base the conformance testing of protocol implementations on formal specifications. This brings in the problem of finding out special design issues to be used in the specification of such systems that facilitate test generation. This aspect is called Specification For Testability, and it is investigated in this study for the particular formal description technique LOTOS. Specification for testability is approached from the perspective of designing formal base protocol specifications, and then deriving functional specifications from base specifications in order to use in test generation. The method utilized for the derivation of functional specifications is Ccdled slicing. As inspired from previous work in software engineering, slices of protocol specifications are obtained systematically according to the hierarchically designed test suite structures, where each slice corresponds to a particular tunction of the protocol, and subsequent test generation is based on the obtained slices. The techni(|ues developed are demonstrated on the simple state-oriented specifications of INRES and ACSE protocols along with a real base specification of the OSI Transport Protocol written in the constraintoriented specification style. The results indicate that tests derived from functional specifications have some remarkable properties with respect to test case analysis and representation.