An analysis of the relations between Iran and the USA during the Pahlavi era by use of alliance theories
Criss, Nur Bilge
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This thesis aims to elaborate on the US-Iranian relations during Pahlavi era within the framework of alliance theories. By discussing the existing literature on alliance theories, it tries to bring comprehensive understanding of the alliance between Iran and the USA. In order to propound external and internal reasons for Iran to seek alliance with the USA, Iranian history from World War I to 1979 Revolution is examined. In connection with Iranian history, the relation between Iran and the USA which dates back to early 19th century is surveyed with economic, military, and diplomatic perspectives by focusing on Pahlavi era. It endeavors to illustrate on external threats as well as the internal threats that Iran faced during Pahlavi era in order to grip the underlying causes of the “devoted” iv alliance between Iran and the USA. This portrayal is done on the basis of omnibalancing theory.