GDP nowcasting using high frequency asset price, commodity price and banking data
Gürkaynak, Refet S.
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Knowing the current state of the economy is important especially when we consider that GDP information comes with a lag of quarter. From this perspective, employing high frequency variables in GDP nowcasting may contribute to our knowledge of economic conditions, since they are timelier compared to GDP. This paper deals with nowcasting US GDP using an expectation maximization algorithm in a Kalman Ölter estimation, which includes asset prices, commodity prices and banking data as explanatory variables together with real variables and price indices. As a result of the estimations, asset prices and other high frequency variables are found useful in nowcasting US GDP contrary to previous studies. Model predictions beat the traditional methods with the medium size model, which includes Öfteen variables, yielding the best nowcast results. Finally, this paper also proposes a new route for achieving better nowcast results by changing system speciÖcations of the state variables.