Now showing items 1-20 of 130

    • About individual differences in vision 

      Grzeczkowski, L.; Clarke, A. M.; Francis, G.; Mast, F. W.; Herzog, M. H. (Pergamon Press, 2017)
      In cognition, audition, and somatosensation, performance strongly correlates between different para-digms, which suggests the existence of common factors. In contrast, visual performance in seeminglyvery similar tasks, ...
    • Adolescent risk-taking as a function of prenatal cocaine exposure and biological sex 

      Allen, J. W. P.; Bennett, D. S.; Carmody, D. P.; Wang Y.; Lewis, M. (Elsevier Inc., 2014)
      Objective: To examine the effects of prenatal cocaine exposure and biological sex on adolescent risk-taking while controlling for early environmental risk. Methods: Adolescents (n. = 114, mean age. = 16) were grouped ...
    • Age-related synapse loss in hippocampal CA3 is not reversed by caloric restriction 

      Adams, M. M.; Donohue, H. S.; Linville, M. C.; Iversen, E. A.; Newton, I. G.; Bechtold, J. K. B. (Pergamon Press, 2010)
      Caloric restriction (CR) is a reduction of total caloric intake without a decrease in micronutrients or a disproportionate reduction of any one dietary component. While CR attenuates age-related cognitive deficits in tasks ...
    • Aging alters the molecular dynamics of synapses in a sexually dimorphic pattern in zebrafish (Danio rerio) 

      Karoglu, E. T.; Halim, D. O.; Erkaya, B.; Altaytas, F.; Arslan-Ergul, A.; Konu, O.; Adams, M. M. (Elsevier, 2017-06)
      The zebrafish has become a popular model for studying normal brain aging due to its large fecundity, conserved genome, and available genetic tools; but little data exists about neurobiological age-related alterations. The ...
    • Associations between psychosis endophenotypes across brain functional, structural, and cognitive domains 

      Blakey, R.; Ranlund, S.; Zartaloudi, E.; Cahn, W.; Calafato, S.; Colizzi, M.; Crespo-Facorro, B.; Daniel, C.; Díez-Revuelta, A.; Forti, M. D.; Iyegbe, C.; Jablensky, A.; Jones, R.; Hall, M. -H.; Kahn, R.; Kalaydjieva, L.; Kravariti, E.; Lin, K.; McDonald, C.; McIntosh, A. M.; Picchioni, M.; Powell, J.; Presman, A.; Rujescu, D.; Schulze, K.; Shaikh, M.; Thygesen, J. H.; Toulopoulou, T.; Haren, N. V.; Os, J. V.; Walshe, M.; Murray, R. M.; Bramon, E. (Cambridge University Press, 2018)
      Background A range of endophenotypes characterise psychosis, however there has been limited work understanding if and how they are inter-related.Methods This multi-centre study includes 8754 participants: 2212 people with ...
    • Attachment (in)security and threat priming influence signal detection performance 

      Sakman, E.; Sümer, N. (Sage Publications, Inc., 2018)
      This study examined whether the subliminal priming of threat and attachment figure availability interfere with cognitive attentional performance in conditions of uncertainty among individuals with differing attachment ...
    • Attention modulates neuronal correlates of interhemispheric integration and global motion perception 

      Akin, B.; Ozdem, C.; Eroglu, S.; Keskin, D. T.; Fang, F.; Doerschner, K.; Kersten, D.; Boyaci, H. (Association for Research in Vision and Ophthalmology Inc., 2014)
      In early retinotopic areas of the human visual system, information from the left and right visual hemifields (VHFs) is processed contralaterally in two hemispheres. Despite this segregation, we have the perceptual experience ...
    • Attention-dependent representation of a size illusion in human V1 

      Fang, F.; Boyaci, H.; Kersten, D.; Murray, S.O. (Cell Press, 2008)
      One of the most fundamental properties of human primary visual cortex (V1) is its retinotopic organization, which makes it an ideal candidate for encoding spatial properties, such as size, of objects. However, three-dimensional ...
    • Attentional bias to threat-related information among individuals with dental complaints: The role of pain expectancy 

      Dehghani, M.; Mohammadi, S.; Sharpe, L.; Khatibi, A. (Frontiers Media S.A., 2018)
      Expecting pain can be perceived as a threat may involve recruitment of cognitive strategies (such as attentional avoidance) which might help the person to reduce distress. The ecological validity of the paradigms aiming ...
    • Audiovisual associations alter the perception of low-level visual motion 

      Kafaligonul H.; Oluk, C. (Frontiers Research Foundation, 2015)
      Motion perception is a pervasive nature of vision and is affected by both immediate pattern of sensory inputs and prior experiences acquired through associations. Recently, several studies reported that an association can ...
    • Begin-of-school-year perceived autonomy-support and structure as predictors of end-of-school-year study efforts and procrastination: the mediating role of autonomous and controlled motivation 

      Mouratidis, A.; Michou, A.; Aelterman, N.; Haerens, L.; Vansteenkiste, M. (Routledge, 2018)
      In this prospective study, we recruited a sample of Belgian adolescents (N = 886) to investigate to what extent perceived teachers’ motivating style relates to quality of motivation in the beginning of the school year and, ...
    • Beyond principles and programs: an action framework for modeling development 

      Allen, J. W. P.; Bickhard, M. H. (S. Karger AG, 2013)
      Fields focuses on implementation not origins, but the origins of nativism are located in issues about the origins of representations. His narrower focus is on organization of empirical atoms - nativism argues that object ...
    • Beyond the 'East-West' dichotomy: Global variation in cultural models of selfhood 

      Vignoles, V. L.; Owe, E.; Becker, M.; Smith, P. B.; Easterbrook, M. J.; Brown, R.; González, R.; Didier, N.; Carrasco, D.; Cadena, M. P.; Lay, S.; Schwartz, S. J.; Rosiers, S. E. D.; Villamar, J. A.; Gavreliuc, A.; Zinkeng, M.; Kreuzbauer, R.; Baguma, P.; Martin, M.; Tatarko, A.; Herman, G.; de Sauvage, I.; Courtois, M.; Gardarsdóttir, R. B.; Harb, C.; Gallo, I. S.; Gil, P. P.; Clemares, R. L.; Campara, G.; Nizharadze, G.; Macapagal, M. E. J.; Jalal, B.; Bourguignon, D.; Zhang, J.; Lv, S.; Chybicka, A.; Yuki, M.; Zhang X.; Espinosa, A.; Valk, A.; Abuhamdeh, S.; Amponsah, B.; Özgen E.; Guner, E. Ü.; Yamakoglu, N.; Chobthamkit, P.; Pyszczynski, T.; Kesebir, P.; Trujillo, E. V.; Balanta, P.; Ayala, B. C.; Koller, S. H.; Jaafar, J. L.; Gausel, N.; Fischer, R.; Milfont, T. L.; Kusdil, E.; Çağlar, S.; Aldhafri, S.; Ferreira, M. C.; Mekonnen, K. H.; Wang, Q.; Fülöp, M.; Torres, A.; Camino, L.; Lemos, F. C. S.; Fritsche, I.; Möller, B.; Regalia, C.; Manzi, C.; Brambilla, M.; Bond, M. H. (American Psychological Association Inc., 2016)
      Markus and Kitayama's (1991) theory of independent and interdependent self-construals had a major influence on social, personality, and developmental psychology by highlighting the role of culture in psychological processes. ...
    • Border ownership selectivity in human early visual cortex and its modulation by attention 

      Fang, F.; Boyaci, H.; Kersten, D. (Society for Neuroscience, 2009)
      Natural images are usually cluttered because objects occlude one another. A critical aspect of recognizing these visual objects is to identify the borders between image regions that belong to different objects. However, ...
    • Building resilience in young children the Sesame Street way 

      Cohen, D.; Oades-Sese, Geraldine V.; Allen, Jedediah W. P.; Lewis, Michael (Springer, 2014)
      Sesame Workshop is a nonprofit organization involved with community outreach to support the educational needs of children and to foster healthy, strong families. The Educational Outreach Department creates needs-driven ...
    • Category training affects colour discrimination but only in the right visual field 

      Drivonikou G.; Clifford A.; Franklin A.; Özgen E.; Davies I.R. L. (John Benjamins Publishing Company, 2011)
      There is indirect evidence that categorical colour perception (better discrimination of colours from different categories than those from the same category) can be learned. For instance, CP can be induced across a newly ...
    • Characterization of a novel zebrafish (Danio rerio) gene, wdr81, associated with cerebellar ataxia, mental retardation and dysequilibrium syndrome (CAMRQ) 

      Doldur-Balli, F.; Ozel, M. N.; Gulsuner, S.; Tekinay, A. B.; Ozcelik, T.; Konu, O.; Adams, M. M. (BioMed Central Ltd., 2015)
      Background: WDR81 (WD repeat-containing protein 81) is associated with cerebellar ataxia, mental retardation and disequilibrium syndrome (CAMRQ2, [MIM 610185]). Human and mouse studies suggest that it might be a gene of ...
    • Chromatic perceptual learning 

      Sowden, P. T.; Davies, I. R. L.; Notman, L. A.; Alexander, I.; Özgen, Emre (John Benjamins Publishing Company, 2011)
      Perceptual learning has been shown on a wide variety of achromatic visual tasks. However, very little work has explored the possibility of improvements on chromatically based tasks. Here, we used a transfer of learning ...
    • Chronic pain and selective attention to pain arousing daily activity pictures: Evidence from an eye tracking study 

      Mahmoodi-Aghdam M.; Dehghani M.; Ahmadi M.; Banaraki A.K.; Khatibi A. (Iran University of Medical Sciences, 2017)
      Introduction: According to the pain research literature, attentional bias for pain is the mechanism responsible for the development and maintenance of fear of pain in patients with chronic pain. However, there is still ...