Now showing items 36-55 of 138

    • Effect of contiguity and figure-ground organization on the area rule of lightness 

      Boyaci, H.; Şimşek, M. K.; Subaşı, E. (Association for Research in Vision and Ophthalmology, 2014)
      In a simple two-dimensional (2D) display composed of two uniform surfaces with different luminances, the lightness of the darker surface varies as a function of its relative area while its luminance is held constant ...
    • The effect of threat on cognitive biases and pain outcomes: an eye-tracking study 

      Todd, J.; Sharpe, L.; Colagiuri, B.; Khatibi, A. (John Wiley & Sons Ltd., 2016)
      Background: Theoretical accounts of attentional and interpretation biases in pain suggest that these biases are interrelated and are both influenced by perceived threat. A laboratory-based study was conducted to test whether ...
    • Effects of stimulus range on color categorization 

      Wright, O. (John Benjamins Publishing Company, 2011)
      This chapter reports three experiments detailing the influences of stimulus range on color categorization. The results show that both categorization and speed of categorization of colorful stimuli can be influenced by ...
    • Effects of surface reflectance and 3D shape on perceived rotation axis 

      Doerschner, K.; Yilmaz, O.; Kucukoglu, G.; Fleming, R. W. (Association for Research in Vision and Ophthalmology, 2013)
      Surface specularity distorts the optic flow generated by a moving object in a way that provides important cues for identifying surface material properties (Doerschner, Fleming et al., 2011). Here we show that specular flow ...
    • Effects of surface reflectance on local second order shape estimation in dynamic scenes 

      Dövencioğlu, D.N.; Wijntjes, M.W.A.; Ben-Shahar O.; Doerschner, K. (Elsevier Ltd, 2015)
      In dynamic scenes, relative motion between the object, the observer, and/or the environment projects as dynamic visual information onto the retina (optic flow) that facilitates 3D shape perception. When the object is ...
    • Estimating the glossiness transfer function induced by illumination change and testing its transitivity 

      Doerschner, K.; Boyaci, H.; Maloney, L. T. (Association for Research in Vision and Ophthalmology, 2010)
      The light reflected from a glossy surface depends on the reflectance properties of that surface as well as the flow of light in the scene, the light field. We asked four observers to compare the glossiness of pairs of ...
    • Ethnic identity and discrimination among children 

      Friesen, J.; Arifovic, J.; Wright, S. C.; Ludwig, A.; Giamo, L.; Baray, G. (Elsevier BV, 2012-12)
      We engaged over 430 Canadian children in a series of activities designed to reveal their evaluations of three ethnic groups (White, East Asian and South Asian), their identification with these groups, and their behavior ...
    • The evolutionary psychology of hunger 

      Al-Shawaf, L. (Elsevier BV, 2016)
      An evolutionary psychological perspective suggests that emotions can be understood as coordinating mechanisms whose job is to regulate various psychological and physiological programs in the service of solving an adaptive ...
    • Evolutionary psychology: A how-to guide 

      Lewis, D. M. S.; Al-Shawaf, L.; Conroy-Beam, D.; Asao, K.; Buss, D. M. (American Psychological Association Inc., 2017)
      Researchers in the social and behavioral sciences are increasingly using evolutionary insights to test novel hypotheses about human psychology. Because evolutionary perspectives are relatively new to psychology and most ...
    • Evolved individual differences: advancing a condition-dependent model of personality 

      Lewis, D. M. G. (Elsevier, 2015-10)
      The field of personality psychology offers a wealth of robust empirical research and a successful descriptive taxonomy, but neither explains the origins of the structure of human personality nor elaborates a generative ...
    • Expert judgement of probability and risk 

      Wright G.; Bolger F.; Rowe G. (Palgrave Macmillan, 2009)
      [No abstract available]
    • Fearful faces do not lead to faster attentional deployment in individuals with elevated psychopathic traits 

      Hoppenbrouwers, S. S.; Munneke, J.; Kooiman, K. A.; Little, B.; Neumann, C. S.; Theeuwes, J. (Springer New York LLC, 2017)
      In the current study, a gaze-cueing experiment (similar to Dawel et al. 2015) was conducted in which the predictivity of a gaze-cue was manipulated (non-predictive vs highly predictive). This was done to assess the degree ...
    • Feedforward and feedback processes in vision 

      Kafaligonul H.; Breitmeyer B.G.; Öğmen H. (Frontiers Research Foundation, 2015)
      [No abstract available]
    • Feeding two birds with one scone? the relationship between teaching and research for graduate students across the disciplines 

      Gilmore, J.; Lewis, D. M. G.; Maher, M.; Feldon, D.; Timmerman, B. E. (International Society for Exploring Teaching and Learning (I S E T L), 2015)
      We surveyed over 300 graduate students at a Southeastern research university to increase our understanding of their perceptions of (a) the connection between teaching and research, (b) the means by which integration occurs, ...
    • Friends and happiness: An evolutionary perspective on friendship 

      Lewis, David M. G.; Al-Shawaf, L.; Russell, E. M.; Buss, D. M. (Springer Netherlands, 2015)
      An evolutionary perspective yields fresh insights into the nature of human friendships and the emotions associated with these relationships. This approach sheds light on how specific types of friendship would have benefitted ...
    • From an unknown other to an attachment figure: How do mental representations change as attachments form? 

      Günaydın, Gül; Zayas, V.; Shoda, Y. (Springer, 2015)
      Mental representations are the building blocks that guide affect, thought, and behaviors within adult attachment relationships. To date, research has focused on how individual differences in mental representations meaningfully ...
    • Gene Expression changes in aging zebrafish (Danio rerio) brains are sexually dimorphic 

      Arslan-Ergul, A.; Adams, M. M. (BioMed Central, 2014)
      Background: Brain aging is a multi-factorial process due to both genetic and environmental factors. The zebrafish has recently become a popular model organism for examining aging and age-related diseases because as ...
    • Generating lies produces lower memory predictions and higher memory performance than telling the truth: evidence for a metacognitive illusion 

      Besken, M. (American Psychological Association, 2018)
      Manipulations that induce disfluency during encoding generally produce lower memory predictions for the disfluent condition than for the fluent condition. Similar to other manipulations of disfluency, generating lies takes ...
    • The Genetics of Endophenotypes of Neurofunction to Understand Schizophrenia (GENUS) consortium: a collaborative cognitive and neuroimaging genetics project 

      Blokland, G. A. M.; Del Re, E. C.; Mesholam-Gately, R. I.; Jovicich, J.; Trampush, J. W.; Keshavan, M. S.; DeLisi, L. E.; Walters, J. T. R.; Turner, J. A.; Malhotra, A. K.; Lencz, T.; Shenton, M. E.; Voineskos, A. N.; Rujescu, D.; Giegling, I.; Kahn, R. S.; Roffman, J. L.; Holt, D. J.; Ehrlich, S.; Kikinis, Z.; Dazzan, P.; Murray, R. M.; Di Forti, M.; Lee, J.; Sim, K.; Lam, M.; Wolthusen, R. P. F.; De Zwarte, S. M. C.; Walton, E.; Cosgrove, D.; Kelly, S.; Maleki, N.; Osiecki, L.; Picchioni, M. M.; Bramon, E.; Russo, M.; David, A. S.; Mondelli, V.; Reinders, A. A. T. S.; Falcone, M. A.; Hartmann, A. M.; Konte, B.; Morris, D. W.; Gill, M.; Corvin, A. P.; Cahn, W.; Ho, N. F.; Liu, J. J.; Keefe, R. S. E.; Gollub, R. L.; Manoach, D. S.; Calhoun, V. D.; Schulz, S. C.; Sponheim, S. R.; Goff, D. C.; Buka, S. L.; Cherkerzian, S.; Thermenos, H. W.; Kubicki, M.; Nestor, P. G.; Dickie, E. W.; Vassos, E.; Ciufolini, S.; Marques, T. R.; Crossley, N. A.; Purcell, S. M.; Smoller, J. W.; Van Haren, N. E. M.; Toulopoulou, T.; Donohoe, G.; Goldstein, J. M.; Seidman, L. J.; McCarley, R. W.; Petryshen, T. L. (Elsevier B.V., 2018--05)
      Background: Schizophrenia has a large genetic component, and the pathways from genes to illness manifestation are beginning to be identified. The Genetics of Endophenotypes of Neurofunction to Understand Schizophrenia ...
    • The grammar of anger: Mapping the computational architecture of a recalibrational emotion 

      Sell A.; Sznycer D.; Al-Shawaf L.; Lim J.; Krauss A.; Feldman A.; Rascanu R.; Sugiyama L.; Cosmides L.; Tooby J. (Elsevier B.V., 2017)
      According to the recalibrational theory of anger, anger is a computationally complex cognitive system that evolved to bargain for better treatment. Anger coordinates facial expressions, vocal changes, verbal arguments, the ...