Now showing items 73-92 of 138

    • Lumbar curvature: a previously undiscovered standard of attractiveness 

      Lewis, D. M. G.; Russell, E. M.; Al-Shawaf, L.; Buss, D. M. (Elsevier, 2015)
      This paper reports independent studies supporting the proposal that human standards of attractiveness reflect the output of psychological adaptations to detect fitness-relevant traits. We tested novel a priori hypotheses ...
    • Making the case for playful learning 

      Ilgaz, Hande; Hassinger-Das, B.; Golinkoff, R. M.; Hirsh-Pasek, K. (Springer, 2018)
      Play is one of the natural strengths of childhood through which children acquire and also practice critical language, cognitive, and socio-cognitive abilities. This long-standing belief has widely shaped curriculum in early ...
    • Mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR), aging, neuroscience, and their association with aging-related diseases 

      Celebi-Birand, Ergül Dilan; Karoğlu, Elif Tuğçe; Doldur-Ballı, Füsun; Adams, Michelle M. (Elsevier Inc., 2016)
      Normal aging is accompanied by cognitive impairment with subtle cellular and molecular changes in the brain, whereas, pathological brain aging manifests as severe behavioral impairments with cellular pathology. Understanding ...
    • Market entry decisions: effects of absolute and relative confidence 

      Bolger, F.; Pulford, B. D.; Colman, A. M. (Hogrefe Publishing, 2008)
      In a market entry game, the number of entrants usually approaches game-theoretic equilibrium quickly, but in real-world markets business start-ups typically exceed market capacity, resulting in chronically high failure ...
    • Mating strategy, disgust, and food neophobia 

      Al-Shawaf, L.; Lewis, D. M. G.; Alley, T. R.; Buss, D. M. (Elsevier, 2015)
      Food neophobia and disgust are commonly thought to be linked, but this hypothesis is typically implicitly assumed rather than directly tested. Evidence for the connection has been based on conceptually and empirically ...
    • Mixed signals: the effect of conflicting reward and goal-driven biases on selective attention 

      Preciado, D.; Munneke, J.; Theeuwes, J. (Springer New York LLC, 2017)
      Attentional selection depends on the interaction between exogenous (stimulus-driven), endogenous (goal-driven), and selection history (experience-driven) factors. While endogenous and exogenous biases have been widely ...
    • Narrative performance, peer group culture, and narrative development in a preschool classroom 

      Nicolopoulou A.; Cates C.B.; De Sá Barbosa A.; Ilgaz H. (Cambridge University Press, 2012)
      Introduction This chapter uses the analysis of a preschool storytelling and story-acting practice to explore some of the ways that peer-oriented symbolic activities and peer group culture can serve as valuable contexts for ...
    • Negative social comparisons and psychosis proneness in a healthy adolescent population 

      Cotier, F. A.; Toulopoulou, T. (Elsevier Masson, 2017)
      There is growing evidence of an association between negative social comparisons (NSC) and both psychosis, and psychosis proneness. The majority of the work thus far, however, has focused largely on one type of NSC, namely, ...
    • Neural correlates of acquired color category effects 

      Clifford, A.; Franklin, A.; Holmes, A.; Drivonikou V.G.; Özgen, E.; Davies I.R.L. (2012)
      Category training can induce category effects, whereby color discrimination of stimuli spanning a newly learned category boundary is enhanced relative to equivalently spaced stimuli from within the newly learned category ...
    • Novel object recognition is not affected by age despite age-related brain changes 

      Aktoprak, I.; Dinc, P.; Gunay, G.; Adams, M. M. (Scientific Research Publishing, 2013)
      Age-related memory impairments show a progressive decline across lifespan. Studies have demonstrated equivocal results in biological and behavioral outcomes of aging. Thus, in the present study we examined the novel object ...
    • A novel, low-cost Anesthesia and injection system for Zebrafish Researchers 

      Oskay, Y.; Çetin B.; Şerifoğlu, N.; Arslan-Ergül, A.; Adams, M. M. (Mary Ann Liebert, Inc. Publishers, 2018)
      In this study, we designed and developed a novel low-cost system for anesthetizing and injecting adult zebrafish. The system utilizes a gradual cooling method for the anesthesia and maintains the fish in a stable anesthetic ...
    • Object rigidity and reflectivity identification based on motion analysis 

      Zang, D.; Schrater P.R.; Doerschner, K. (2010)
      Rigidity and reflectivity are important properties of objects, identifying these properties is a fundamental problem for many computer vision applications like motion and tracking. In this paper, we extend our previous ...
    • The openness-calibration hypothesis 

      Lewis, D. M. G.; Al-Shawaf, L.; Yilmaz, C. (Elsevier Ltd, 2015)
      The current study tested the hypotheses that (1) psychological adaptations calibrate Openness to Experience to facilitate or deter pursuit of short-term mating, and (2) this calibration varies as a function of mating ...
    • Optimizing electrode montages of transcranial direct current stimulation for attentional bias modification in early abstinent methamphetamine users 

      Shahbabaie, A.; Hatami, J.; Farhoudian, A.; Ekhtiari, H.; Khatibi, A.; Nitsche, M. A. (Frontiers Media S.A., 2018)
      Introduction: Chronic use of most psychoactive drugs may lead to substance dependence and drug addiction. Drug addiction is a chronically relapsing disorder, and current pharmacological and behavioral therapies are not ...
    • Oscillatory synchronization model of attention to moving objects 

      Yilmaz, O. (Elsevier, 2012)
      The world is a dynamic environment hence it is important for the visual system to be able to deploy attention on moving objects and attentively track them. Psychophysical experiments indicate that processes of both attentional ...
    • Parasite stress and pathogen avoidance relate to distinct dimensions of political ideology across 30 nations 

      Tybur J.M.; Inbar Y.; Aarøe L.; Barclay P.; Barlowe F.K.; De Barra M.; Beckerh D.V.; Borovoi L.; Choi I.; Choik J.A.; Consedine N.S.; Conway A.; Conway J.R.; Conway P.; Adoric V.C.; Demirci D.E.; Fernández A.M.; Ferreirat D.C.S.; Ishii K.; Jakšic I.; Ji T.; Van Leeuwen F.; Lewis D.M.G.; Li N.P.; McIntyre J.C.; Mukherjee S.; Park J.H.; Pawlowski B.; Petersen M.B.; Pizarro D.; Prodromitis G.; Prokop P.; Rantala M.J.; Reynolds L.M.; Sandin B.; Sevi B.; De Smet D.; Srinivasan N.; Tewari S.; Wilson C.; Yong J.C.; Žezelj I. (National Academy of Sciences, 2016)
      People who are more avoidant of pathogens are more politically conservative, as are nations with greater parasite stress. In the current research, we test two prominent hypotheses that have been proposed as explanations ...
    • Patterns of perceived partner responsiveness and well-being in Japan and the United States 

      Tasfiliz, D.; Selcuk, E.; Gunaydin, G.; Slatcher, R. B.; Corriero, E. F.; Ong, A. D. (American Psychological Association, 2018)
      Quality of marital relationships is consistently linked to personal well-being. However, almost all of the studies linking marital processes to well-being have been conducted in Western (particularly North American) ...
    • Perceived glossiness in high dynamic range scenes 

      Doerschner, K.; Maloney, L. T.; Boyaci, H. (Association for Research in Vision and Ophthalmology, 2010)
      We investigated how spatial pattern, background, and dynamic range affect perceived gloss in brightly lit real scenes. Observers viewed spherical objects against uniform backgrounds. There were three possible objects. Two ...
    • Perceptual grouping-dependent lightness processing in human early visual cortex 

      Boyaci, H.; Fang, F.; Murray, S. O.; Kersten, D. (Association for Research in Vision and Ophthalmology, 2010)
      Lightness, the perceived relative achromatic reectance of a surface, depends strongly on the context within which the surface is viewed. Modest changes in the two-dimensional conguration or three-dimensional scene geometry ...
    • Picture-perfect is not perfect for metamemory: testing the perceptual fluency hypothesis with degraded images 

      Besken, M. (American Psychological Association, 2016)
      The perceptual fluency hypothesis claims that items that are easy to perceive at encoding induce an illusion that they will be easier to remember, despite the finding that perception does not generally affect recall. The ...