Now showing items 30-49 of 153

    • Cultural Bases for Self-Evaluation: Seeing Oneself Positively in Different Cultural Contexts 

      Becker, M.; Vignoles, V. L.; Owe, E.; Easterbrook, M. J.; Brown, R.; Smith, P. B.; Bond, M. H.; Regalia, C.; Manzi, C.; Brambilla, M.; Aldhafri, S.; González, R.; Carrasco, D.; Cadena, M. P.; Lay, S.; Gallo I. S.; Torres, A.; Camino L.; Özgen E.; Güner, Ü.E.; Yamakoğlu, N.; Lemos, F. C. S.; Trujillo, E. V.; Balanta, P.; Macapagal, M. E. J.; Ferreira, M. C.; Herman, G.; de Sauvage, I.; Bourguignon, D.; Wang, Q.; Fülöp, M.; Harb, C.; Chybicka, A.; Mekonnen, K. H.; Martin, M.; Nizharadze, G.; Gavreliuc, A.; Buitendach J.; Valk, A.; Koller, S. H. (SAGE Publications Inc.SAGE, 2014)
      Several theories propose that self-esteem, or positive self-regard, results from fulfilling the value priorities of one's surrounding culture. Yet, surprisingly little evidence exists for this assertion, and theories differ ...
    • Culture and the distinctiveness motive: constructing identity in individualistic and collectivistic contexts 

      Becker, M.; Vignoles, V. L.; Owe, E.; Brown, R.; Smith, P. B.; Easterbrook, M.; Herman, G.; De Sauvage, I.; Bourguignon, D.; Torres, A.; Camino, L.; Lemos, F. C. S.; Ferreira, M. S.; Koller, S. H.; Gonzãlez, R.; Carrasco, D.; Cadena, M. P.; Lay, S.; Wang, Q.; Bond, M. H.; Trujillo, E.; Balanta, P.; Valk, A.; Mekonnen, K. H.; Nizharadze, G.; Fülöp, M.; Regalia, C.; Manzi, C.; Brambilla, M.; Harb, C.; Aldhafri, S.; Martin, M.; Macapagal, M. E. J.; Chybicka, A.; Gavreliuc, A.; Buitendach, J.; Gallo, I.; Özgen E.; Güner, Ü. E.; Yamakoğlu, N. (American Psychological Association, 2012)
      The motive to attain a distinctive identity is sometimes thought to be stronger in, or even specific to, those socialized into individualistic cultures. Using data from 4,751 participants in 21 cultural groups (18 nations ...
    • A daily diary investigation of the link between television watching and positive affect 

      Bayraktaroğlu, Deniz; Günaydın, Gül; Selçuk, E.; Ong, A. D. (Springer, 2019)
      Past research has shown a negative relationship between time spent watching television (TV) and several indicators of hedonic well-being—including positive affect (PA). However, cross-sectional designs employed in most of ...
    • Detection and localization of specular surfaces using image motion cues 

      Yilmaz, O.; Doerschner, K. (Springer, 2014)
      Successful identification of specularities in an image can be crucial for an artificial vision system when extracting the semantic content of an image or while interacting with the environment. We developed an algorithm ...
    • (Dis)harmony in the home: parental child-rearing disagreement and early-childhood adjustment in Turkey 

      Giray, C.; Ilgaz, H.; Allen, J. W. P. (American Psychological Association, 2017)
      Sociocultural changes in Turkey have led to significant reconfigurations in marital and parental dynamics over the last decade (Kağıtçıbaşı & Ataca, 2005). Accordingly, general marital conflict and parental disagreement ...
    • Disgust and mating strategy 

      Al-Shawaf, L.; Lewis, D. M. G.; Buss, D. M. (Elsevier Inc., 2015-05)
      An evolutionary task analysis predicts a connection between disgust and human mating, two important but currently disconnected areas of psychology. Because short-term mating strategies involve sex with multiple partners ...
    • Distinct representations in occipito-temporal, parietal, and premotor cortex during action perception revealed by fMRI and computational modeling 

      Ürgen, Burcu A.; Pehlivan, S.; Saygın, A. (Elsevier, 2019)
      Visual processing of actions is supported by a network consisting of occipito-temporal, parietal, and premotor regions in the human brain, known as the Action Observation Network (AON). In the present study, we investigate ...
    • Does partner responsiveness predict hedonic and eudaimonic well-being? a 10-year longitudinal study 

      Selcuk, E.; Gunaydin, G.; Ong, A. D.; Almeida, D. M. (Wiley-Blackwell Publishing, Inc., 2016)
      Motivated by attachment theory and recent conceptualizations of perceived partner responsiveness as a core feature of close relationships, the authors examined change in hedonic and eudaimonic well-being over a decade in ...
    • Effect of contiguity and figure-ground organization on the area rule of lightness 

      Boyacı, Hüseyin; Şimşek, M. K.; Subaşı, Ece (Association for Research in Vision and Ophthalmology, 2014)
      In a simple two-dimensional (2D) display composed of two uniform surfaces with different luminances, the lightness of the darker surface varies as a function of its relative area while its luminance is held constant ...
    • The effect of threat on cognitive biases and pain outcomes: an eye-tracking study 

      Todd, J.; Sharpe, L.; Colagiuri, B.; Khatibi, Ali (John Wiley & Sons Ltd., 2016)
      Background: Theoretical accounts of attentional and interpretation biases in pain suggest that these biases are interrelated and are both influenced by perceived threat. A laboratory-based study was conducted to test whether ...
    • Effects of stimulus range on color categorization 

      Wright, O. (John Benjamins Publishing Company, 2011)
      This chapter reports three experiments detailing the influences of stimulus range on color categorization. The results show that both categorization and speed of categorization of colorful stimuli can be influenced by ...
    • Effects of surface reflectance and 3D shape on perceived rotation axis 

      Doerschner, K.; Yilmaz, O.; Kucukoglu, G.; Fleming, R. W. (Association for Research in Vision and Ophthalmology, 2013)
      Surface specularity distorts the optic flow generated by a moving object in a way that provides important cues for identifying surface material properties (Doerschner, Fleming et al., 2011). Here we show that specular flow ...
    • Effects of surface reflectance on local second order shape estimation in dynamic scenes 

      Dövencioğlu, D.N.; Wijntjes, M.W.A.; Ben-Shahar O.; Doerschner, K. (Elsevier Ltd, 2015)
      In dynamic scenes, relative motion between the object, the observer, and/or the environment projects as dynamic visual information onto the retina (optic flow) that facilitates 3D shape perception. When the object is ...
    • Estimating the glossiness transfer function induced by illumination change and testing its transitivity 

      Doerschner, K.; Boyacı, Hüseyin; Maloney, Laurence T. (Association for Research in Vision and Ophthalmology, 2010)
      The light reflected from a glossy surface depends on the reflectance properties of that surface as well as the flow of light in the scene, the light field. We asked four observers to compare the glossiness of pairs of ...
    • Ethnic identity and discrimination among children 

      Friesen, J.; Arifovic, J.; Wright, S. C.; Ludwig, A.; Giamo, L.; Baray, G. (Elsevier BV, 2012-12)
      We engaged over 430 Canadian children in a series of activities designed to reveal their evaluations of three ethnic groups (White, East Asian and South Asian), their identification with these groups, and their behavior ...
    • The evolutionary psychology of hunger 

      Al-Shawaf, L. (Elsevier BV, 2016)
      An evolutionary psychological perspective suggests that emotions can be understood as coordinating mechanisms whose job is to regulate various psychological and physiological programs in the service of solving an adaptive ...
    • Evolutionary psychology: A how-to guide 

      Lewis, David M. G.; Al-Shawaf, Laith; Conroy-Beam, D.; Asao, K.; Buss, D. M. (American Psychological Association Inc., 2017)
      Researchers in the social and behavioral sciences are increasingly using evolutionary insights to test novel hypotheses about human psychology. Because evolutionary perspectives are relatively new to psychology and most ...
    • Evolved individual differences: advancing a condition-dependent model of personality 

      Lewis, D. M. G. (Elsevier, 2015-10)
      The field of personality psychology offers a wealth of robust empirical research and a successful descriptive taxonomy, but neither explains the origins of the structure of human personality nor elaborates a generative ...
    • Expert judgement of probability and risk 

      Wright G.; Bolger F.; Rowe G. (Palgrave Macmillan, 2009)
      [No abstract available]
    • Fearful faces do not lead to faster attentional deployment in individuals with elevated psychopathic traits 

      Hoppenbrouwers, S. S.; Munneke, Jaap; Kooiman, K. A.; Little, B.; Neumann, C. S.; Theeuwes, J. (Springer New York LLC, 2017)
      In the current study, a gaze-cueing experiment (similar to Dawel et al. 2015) was conducted in which the predictivity of a gaze-cue was manipulated (non-predictive vs highly predictive). This was done to assess the degree ...