Now showing items 99-118 of 153

    • Parasite stress and pathogen avoidance relate to distinct dimensions of political ideology across 30 nations 

      Tybur J.M.; Inbar Y.; Aarøe L.; Barclay P.; Barlowe F.K.; De Barra M.; Beckerh D.V.; Borovoi L.; Choi I.; Choik J.A.; Consedine N.S.; Conway A.; Conway J.R.; Conway P.; Adoric V.C.; Demirci D.E.; Fernández A.M.; Ferreirat D.C.S.; Ishii K.; Jakšic I.; Ji T.; Van Leeuwen F.; Lewis D.M.G.; Li N.P.; McIntyre J.C.; Mukherjee S.; Park J.H.; Pawlowski B.; Petersen M.B.; Pizarro D.; Prodromitis G.; Prokop P.; Rantala M.J.; Reynolds L.M.; Sandin B.; Sevi, Barış; De Smet D.; Srinivasan N.; Tewari S.; Wilson C.; Yong J.C.; Žezelj I. (National Academy of Sciences, 2016)
      People who are more avoidant of pathogens are more politically conservative, as are nations with greater parasite stress. In the current research, we test two prominent hypotheses that have been proposed as explanations ...
    • Patterns of perceived partner responsiveness and well-being in Japan and the United States 

      Tasfiliz, D.; Selcuk, E.; Gunaydin, G.; Slatcher, R. B.; Corriero, E. F.; Ong, A. D. (American Psychological Association, 2018)
      Quality of marital relationships is consistently linked to personal well-being. However, almost all of the studies linking marital processes to well-being have been conducted in Western (particularly North American) ...
    • Perceived glossiness in high dynamic range scenes 

      Doerschner, K.; Maloney,Laurence T.; Boyaci, Hüseyin (Association for Research in Vision and Ophthalmology, 2010)
      We investigated how spatial pattern, background, and dynamic range affect perceived gloss in brightly lit real scenes. Observers viewed spherical objects against uniform backgrounds. There were three possible objects. Two ...
    • Perceptual grouping-dependent lightness processing in human early visual cortex 

      Boyaci, H.; Fang, F.; Murray, S. O.; Kersten, D. (Association for Research in Vision and Ophthalmology, 2010)
      Lightness, the perceived relative achromatic reectance of a surface, depends strongly on the context within which the surface is viewed. Modest changes in the two-dimensional conguration or three-dimensional scene geometry ...
    • Picture-perfect is not perfect for metamemory: testing the perceptual fluency hypothesis with degraded images 

      Besken, M. (American Psychological Association, 2016)
      The perceptual fluency hypothesis claims that items that are easy to perceive at encoding induce an illusion that they will be easier to remember, despite the finding that perception does not generally affect recall. The ...
    • A polygenic risk score analysis of psychosis endophenotypes across brain functional, structural, and cognitive domains 

      Ranlund, S.; Calafato, S.; Thygesen, J. H.; Lin, K.; Cahn, W.; Crespo-Facorro, B.; Díez, A.; Forti, M. D.; Iyegbe, C.; Jablensky, A.; Jones, R.; Hall, M.; Kahn, R.; Kalaydjieva, L.; Kravariti, E.; McDonald, C.; McIntosh, A. M.; McQuillin, A.; Picchioni, M.; Prata, D. P.; Rujescu, D.; Schulze, K.; Shaikh, M.; Toulopoulou, T.; Haren, N.; Zwarte, S. M. C.; Os, J.; Vassos, E.; Walshe, M.; Lewis, C.; Murray, R. M.; Powell, J.; Bramon, E. (John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2018)
      This large multi‐center study investigates the relationships between genetic risk for schizophrenia and bipolar disorder, and multi‐modal endophenotypes for psychosis. The sample included 4,242 individuals; 1,087 patients ...
    • Polygenic risk score increases schizophrenia liability through cognition-relevant pathways 

      Toulopoulou, Timothea; Zhang, X.; Cherny, S.; Dickinson, D.; Berman, K. F.; Straub, R. E.; Sham, P.; Weinberger, D. R. (Oxford University Press, 2019-02)
      Cognitive deficit is thought to represent, at least in part, genetic mechanisms of risk for schizophrenia, with recent evidence from statistical modelling of twin data suggesting direct causality from the former to the ...
    • A prenatal coparenting intervention with unmarried father-mother dyads: fidelity of intervention delivery by male-female community mentor teams 

      Salman-Engin, S.; Little, T.; Gaskin-Butler, V.; McHale, J. P. (Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Ltd., 2017)
      Background: Most prenatal preventive interventions for unmarried mothers do not integrate fathers or help the parents plan for the development of a functional coparenting alliance after the baby's arrival. Furthermore, ...
    • Private and public self-consciousness subscales of the Fenigstein, Scheier and Buss self-consciousness scale: a Turkish translation 

      Rugancı, R. N. (Pergamon, 1995)
      The aim of the study was to analyze the psychometric properties of public and private subscales of the self-consciousness scale (Fenigstein, Scheier & Buss, Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 43, 522-527, 1975) ...
    • Rapid classification of specular and diffuse reflection from image velocities 

      Doerschner, K.; Kersten, D.; Schrater, P. R. (Elsevier BV, 2011-09)
      We propose a method for rapidly classifying surface reflectance directly from the output of spatiotemporal filters applied to an image sequence of rotating objects. Using image data from only a single frame, we compute ...
    • Rapid classification of surface reflectance from image velocities 

      Doerschner, Katja; Kersten, D.; Schrater P. (Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2009)
      We propose a method for rapidly classifying surface reflectance directly from the output of spatio-temporal filters applied to an image sequence of rotating objects. Using image data from only a single frame, we compute ...
    • Rapid inference of object rigidity and reflectance using optic flow 

      Zang, D.; Doerschner, Katja; Schrater P.R. (Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2009)
      Rigidity and reflectance are key object properties, important in their own rights, and they are key properties that stratify motion reconstruction algorithms. However, the inference of rigidity and reflectance are both ...
    • Rapid motion adaptation reveals the temporal dynamics of spatiotemporal correlation between on and off pathways 

      Oluk C.; Pavan A.; Kafaligonul, H. (Nature Publishing Group, 2016)
      At the early stages of visual processing, information is processed by two major thalamic pathways encoding brightness increments (ON) and decrements (OFF). Accumulating evidence suggests that these pathways interact and ...
    • Recessive LAMC3 mutations cause malformations of occipital cortical development 

      Barak, T.; Kwan, K. Y.; Louvi, A.; Demirbilek, V.; Saygi, S.; Tüysüz, B.; Choi, M.; Boyacı, Hüseyin; Doerschner, Katja; Zhu, Y.; Kaymakçalan, H.; Yilmaz, S.; Bakircioglu, M.; Çağlayan, A. O.; Öztürk, A.K.; Yasuno, K.; Brunken W. J.; Atalar, Ergin; Yalçnkaya, C.; Dinçer, A.; Bronen, R. A.; Mane, S.; Özçelik, Tayfun; Lifton, R. P.; Šestan, N.; Bilgüvar, K.; Günel, M. (Nature Publishing Group, 2011)
      The biological basis for regional and inter-species differences in cerebral cortical morphology is poorly understood. We focused on consanguineous Turkish families with a single affected member with complex bilateral ...
    • Relative flattening between velvet and matte 3D shapes: Evidence for similar shape-from-shading computations 

      Wijntjes, M. W. A.; Doerschner, K.; Kucukoglu, G.; Pont, S. C. (Association for Research in Vision and Ophthalmology, 2012)
      Among other cues, the visual system uses shading to infer the 3D shape of objects. The shading pattern depends on the illumination and reflectance properties (BRDF). In this study, we compared 3D shape perception between ...
    • Reliability and validity of the pain anxiety symptom scale in Persian speaking chronic low back pain patients 

      Shanbehzadeh, S.; Salavati, M.; Tavahomi, M.; Khatibi, A.; Talebian, S.; Kalantari K. K. (Lippincott Williams and Wilkins, 2017)
      Study Design. Psychometric testing of the Persian version of Pain Anxiety Symptom Scale 20. Objective. The aim of this study was to assess the reliability and construct validity of the PASS-20 in nonspecific chronic low ...
    • Responsiveness as a key predictor of happiness: mechanisms and unanswered questions 

      Günaydın, Gül; Selçuk, E.; Karagöbek, A. B. (Springer, 2018)
      The importance of close relationships for happiness has long been recognized. This long-held interest has produced an increase in relevant empirical work investigating the links between relationships and personal well-being ...
    • Retinotopic sensitisation to spatial scale: evidence for flexible spatial frequency processing in scene perception 

      Ozgen, E.; Payne, H. E.; Sowden, P. T.; Schyns, P. G. (Elsevier Ltd., 2006)
      Observers can use spatial scale information flexibly depending on categorisation task and on their prior sensitisation. Here, we explore whether attentional modulation of spatial frequency processing at early stages of ...
    • The role of sense of coherence and physical activity in positive and negative affect of Turkish adolescents 

      Öztekin, C.; Tezer, E. (Libra Publishers, Inc., 2009)
      This study investigated the role of sense of coherence and total physical activity in positive and negative affect. Participants were 376 (169 female, 206 male, and 1 missing value) student volunteers from different ...
    • Seeing through transparent layers 

      Dövencioğlu, D. N.; van-Doorn, A.; Koenderink, J.; Doerschner, K. (Association for Research in Vision and Ophthalmology, 2018)
      The human visual system is remarkably good at decomposing local and global deformations in the flow of visual information into different perceptual layers, a critical ability for daily tasks such as driving through rain ...