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Spontaneous settlements in Turkey and Bangladesh: preconditions of emergence and environmental quality of gecekondu settlements and bustees
Spontaneous settlements are common phenomena in many third world countries. Although the different geographical locations, along with morphological factors, play an important role in shaping up different physical settings, ...
Political encampment and the architecture of public space: TEKEL resistance in Ankara
The protest encampment established by the workers of TEKEL (meaning ‘monopoly’ in Turkish), the privatized former state enterprise that had held a monopoly on the production of tobacco and alcoholic beverages since 1925, ...
City profile: Ankara
(Elsevier, 2013, 4)
Although Ankara has a long history, it is generally known for its twentieth century development as the designed capital of the newly-born Turkish nation-state. The early episode of the city's growth displayed a typical ...