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Spontaneous settlements in Turkey and Bangladesh: preconditions of emergence and environmental quality of gecekondu settlements and bustees
Spontaneous settlements are common phenomena in many third world countries. Although the different geographical locations, along with morphological factors, play an important role in shaping up different physical settings, ...
The rise of the shopping mall in Turkey: the use and appeal of a mall in Ankara
The shopping mall as the site of contemporary consumption has long been attracting the attention of various researchers analyzing socio-spatial dynamics in different cultures. It is the focus of this study of recent ...
The shopping mall as an emergent public space in Turkey
The shopping mall as a part of the recent transformations in Turkish urban lifestyle is the focus of this research. Characteristics of the Turkish way of using shopping malls, and their social and spatial consequences, are ...
Lighting monuments: reflections on outdoor lighting and environmental appraisal
For more than 10 years, highlighting urban pattern, revealing the artifacts in our surroundings, and providing relationships among the elements of cities, outdoor lighting practice gained more significance. The following ...