Interactive surface chemistry of CO2 and NO2 on metal oxide surfaces: competition for catalytic adsorption sites and reactivity
Journal of Physical Chemistry C
American Chemical Society
7713 - 7720
Item Usage Stats
Interactive surface chemistry of CO2 and NO2 on BaOx/Pt(111) model catalyst surfaces were investigated via X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) and temperature-programmed desorption (TPD) techniques with a particular emphasis on the competition between different adsorbates for the catalytic adsorption sites and adsorbate-induced morphological changes. After NO2 adsorption, nitrated BaO x/Pt(111) surfaces do not reveal available adsorption sites for CO2 at 323 K, irrespective of the presence/absence of exposed Pt sites on the surface. Although NO2 adsorption on thick BaO x(>10MLE)/Pt(111) overlayers at 323 K leads to the formation of predominantly nitrate species, NO2 adsorption on the corresponding carbonated surface leads to the formation of coexisting nitrates and nitrites. The presence of carbonates on BaOx/Pt(111) overlayers does not prevent NO2 uptake. Carbonated BaOx(1.5 MLE)/Pt(111) surfaces (with exposed Pt sites) obtained via CO2 adsorption can also further interact with NO2, forming surface nitrate/nitrite species, accompanied by the transformation of surface carbonates into bulk carbonate species. These results suggest that the nitrate formation process requires the presence of two adjacent unoccupied adsorption sites. It is apparent that in the presence of both NO2 and CO2, carbonate species formed on Lewis base (O2-) sites enable the formation of nitrites on Lewis acid (Ba2+) sites. Thermal aging, nitration, and carbonation have a direct impact on the morphology of the two-/three-dimensional (2D/3D) BaO x aggregates on Pt(111). While thermal aging in vacuum leads to the sintering of the BaOx domains, nitration and carbonation results in redispersion and spreading of the BaOx domains on the Pt(111) substrate.