Recent Advances in Theory and Methods for Nonstationary Signal Analysis
Ozaktas, H. M.
Thomson, D. J.
Eurasip Journal on Advances in Signal Processing
1 - 3
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Please cite this item using this persistent URLhttp://hdl.handle.net/11693/12277
All physical processes are nonstationary. When analyzing time series, it should be remembered that nature can be amazingly complex and that many of the theoretical constructs used in stochastic process theory, for example, linearity, ergodicity, normality, and particularly stationarity, are mathematical fairy tales. There are no stationary time series in the strict mathematical sense; at the very least, everything has a beginning and an end. Thus, while it is necessary to know the theory of stationary processes, one should not adhere to it dogmatically when analyzing data from physical sources, particularly when the observations span an extended period. Nonstationary signals are appropriate models for signals arising in several fields of applications including communications, speech and audio, mechanics, geophysics, climatology, solar and space physics, optics, and biomedical engineering. Nonstationary models account for possible time variations of statistical functions and/or spectral characteristics of signals. Thus, they provide analysis tools more general than the classical Fourier transform for finite-energy signals or the power spectrum for finite-power stationary signals. Nonstationarity, being a “nonproperty” has been analyzed from several different points of view. Several approaches that generalize the traditional concepts of Fourier analysis have been considered, including time-frequency, time-scale, and wavelet analysis, and fractional Fourier and linear canonical transforms.