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    • Rising competitive authoritarianism in Turkey 

      Esen, B.; Gümüşçü, S. (Routledge, 2016)
      Since the Justice and Development Party (AKP) came to power in 2002 Turkey has undergone double regime transitions. First, tutelary democracy ended; second, a competitive authoritarian regime has risen in its stead. We ...
    • A small yes for presidentialism: the Turkish constitutional referendum of April 2017 

      Esen, B.; Gümüşçü, Ş. (Routledge, 2017)
      Following four elections in three years, on 16 April 2017 Turkish voters once again went to the polls - this time under the emergency law established after the failed coup attempt of July 2016 - to vote on constitutional ...